DeWitt General Hospital Historic Significance DeWitt General Hospital Historic Significance. DeWitt General Hospital was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in February 2016 for its historic significance in all 3 National Register criteria.
DeWitt is architecturally significant as an example of the large-scale planning and construction required to meet WWII national defense needs
DeWitt Hospital is a “Type A” permanent Army General Hospitals designed by the notable architecture firm York and Sawyer. The only other mostly intact “Type A” hospital besides DeWitt is Mayo General Hospital in Galesburg, IL that was also constructed in 1943.
Highly regarded surgeon Norman Freeman developed vascular surgery advancements at DeWitt General Hospital during WWII. DeWitt had a nursing training school specializing in psychiatry during WWII. Occupational therapy and physical therapy were other new medical fields developed during WWII.
DeWitt Hospital significantly influenced the Auburn Community economically as the area's largest employer and supported community activities and education. The auditorium held USO dances for patients and the community. The pool offered swim and lifeguard classes and hours open to the public. The theater also had shows open to the public. Notable celebrities who entertained at DeWitt included: Rhonda Fleming, Lon Chaney Jr., Eddie Cantor, Dorothy Lamour, Robert Alda and Joe E. Brown.
Notable psychologist Tarmo Pasto's research at DeWitt contributed to the development of art therapy. Pasto's research also led to the "discovery" of the artwork of Martin Ramirez.
Artist Martin Ramirez created hundreds of his notable works while in residence at DeWitt Hospital. Ramirez's work has been recognized by the American Folk-Art Museum in New York and appeared on US "Forever" postage stamps
Ramirez is also recognized for his contribution to Latino history in California.